Secessionism has always been a crucial theme in politics and nowadays is still one of the most discussed topics in the international arena. Many regions of the world are strongly characterized by separatist movements and their potential secession may bring relevant changes to the current international system. Some of the most influential countries of the world have cohabited with this kind of movement for many decades; however, secession already happened in the past, thus there is no reason to exclude the possibility it could occur again.
This book aims to present the most important characteristics of secessionism. It compares current phenomena to the ones that took place in the past and points at significant observations in order to understand what conditions would allow new secessions in the current world system. Some of the most relevant separatist groups are considered and the study always applies theoretical notions to real cases in order to come out with significant conclusions. The whole analysis aims to cast light upon secessionism, a term which is often subject of excessive generalization. This study wants to clarify the extent to which secessionist claims can really challenge sovereign national states and the main problems that limit it. Moreover, the study focuses specifically on the way in which secessionism has been adapted to modern trends, such as globalization and federalism, and the whole analysis aims to give significant conclusions about the current goals of separatism and its very raison d’être.