Born in England in 1965. Moved to South Africa in 1982. Studied photography, photographic theory and photographic history as an undergraduate and postgraduate in South Africa (ND, NHD) and Wales (PhD). He has been a lecturer since 1991 (South Africa and the UK). He is a practising photographer (black and white darkroom photography) and a researcher into (in particular) aspects of the influence of western esotericism on photographic history especially the effect of 'para-sciences' on photographic imaging.